Introduction

With the ever increasing rate of unemployment, focus is now more on Technical education wherein more and more students are opting to take up technical and professional courses as a means of finding gainful employment. Technical Educational Institutes are now offering a very diverse set of courses aimed at meeting the demand and need of the times and other occupational based courses for producing technical manpower for social economic development of the state and country as a whole.  Students passing out of these institutions are expected to find employment in organized and unorganized sectors of employment and ideally, they form the backbone of the world of work.  Their most important job function includes; production, quality control, installation, maintenance, servicing, marketing etc..

A need has been felt to formulate a comprehensive plan for imparting technical education through the polytechnics in the State which are conducting diploma level programs.  Technical education in the state began in 1972 when the first Polytechnic ie. Nagaland Polytechnic was established at Atoizu in Zunheboto now renamed as Khelhoshe Polytechnic Atoizu (KPA). Subsequently Women's Polytechnic (now Government Polytechnic Kohima GPK)  and Institute for Communication and Information Technology (ICIT) were also established in 1994 and 2003 respectively.  Thus the State now has three technical institutes are offering three-year engineering diploma programs in civil, electrical and electronics, mechanical, automobile, computer, electronics and communications, computer applications, modern office practice and an advanced diploma program in apparel production.

Industrial Training and Entrepreneurship development

The Approach paper to the 11th Plan of the Planning Commission has given emphasis on the service sector which is fast emerging as the most promising employment avenue of the future. In place of large number of technicians manning heavy and industrial complexes, it would be enterprising individual technicians with few assistants and associates offering technical services to local establishments.  Consequently rural areas will have a significant volume of jobs along with urban areas.The kind of technical skills these new enterprises require is also undergoing a sea change.  It would be the reputation and expertise of the technicians, their communication skills and ability to interact with the customers and entrepreneurial aptitude in managing financial, technical and marketing aspects that  play a major role in their game for employment. Provision must remain focused on skills that will enable our students to participate in such service sector jobs in a entrepreneurial role.. Towards this goal, the department is sending students of the polytechnics for Industrial training to various reputed Institutions  which can offer proper “hands-on” training both within and outside the State.

Joint Entrance Examination(JEE).

The department of Technical Education has been overseeing the subject of joint entrance examination (JEE) since 2006 and with a view to making the whole selection procedure transparent and systematic, the entire process is being computerized. The department also proposes to adopt the AIEEE as the basis for selection to engineering courses in the near future. This will benefit the students by way of making them eligible for admission to the seats reserved for the state, the NITs  as well as IITs and other renowned institutes. Till date, the joint entrance examination is being conducted by the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE) and the department is involved in the process of selection and nomination of candidates for the various courses on offer.  The number of students nominated by the department for undergoing various courses through the JEE for the last five years are as indicated below:-

 

YEAR

 

MEDICAL & ALLIED COURSES

 

ENGG. COURSES

 

TOTAL

2004-2005

93

115

208

2005-2006

94

100

194

2006-2007

116

117

233

2007-2008

125

149

274

2008-2009

117

185

302

State council for technical education

The State Council for Technical Education (SCTE) has been overseeing admissions and examinations of the technical institutions within the State and has been regularly generating revenue for the Government  by way of admission and examination fees collected from the students.For improving the entire gamut of the examination and admission system several steps have been initiated viz:

  1. admission to be strictly on merit of the entrance exam
  2. criteria and guidelines for diploma entrance exam as per govt. notification No.IT/5-13/04/70 dt.1st Sept’08 to be followed
  3. branch allocation to be made as per preference given at time of selection for admission.
  4. provision for reservation of 3% seats for handicapped students with minimum 40% medical disability.

The State Council after seeing the genuiness of the acute shortage of manpower and fund has endorsed for submission to the government for creation of 1(one) post of assistant controller and 3(three) posts of LDA cum computer operator.